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A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Co-Rumination Via Cellphone Among Emerging Adults

Published Online:https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2019.38.7.671

Introduction: This study investigated cellphone-mediated co-rumination and its association with emerging adults' anxiety, depression, and social functioning. Comparisons on the basis of gender and nation of residence (United States vs. Italy) were made, and the co-rumination subcomponent of co-brooding was explored.

Method: Participants included 216 undergraduate students recruited in the southeastern United States and 375 students recruited in southern Italy.

Results: Co-rumination via cellphone was associated with higher levels of anxiety and depression and lower levels of social self-efficacy in the U.S. sample. Analyses of the co-brooding element of co-rumination via cellphone revealed its robust association with anxiety and depression in the U.S. sample. In contrast, among Italian emerging adults co-rumination via cellphone was not associated with anxiety or depression and it was positively associated with social well-being. Co-brooding via cellphone was not associated with anxiety or depression in the Italy sample.

Discussion: Cross-cultural and gender differences in co-rumination via cellphone and psychosocial functioning are discussed.

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